In Greek mythology, Eros is the personification of love. In particular erotic, romantic, love. Eros was born from the love of his mother Aphrodite and his father Ares, though this varies via myth. His mother Aphrodite was having a deep affair on her husband the smithing god Hephaestus and because of this Aphrodite had to hide Eros in a cave away from her husbands keen eye till the young god Eros was older.
Eros often carries out the biding and deeds of his mother, Aphrodite and because of this has on many occasions helped demi-gods and heros. He assisted Jason and his Argonauts in the quest for the golden fleece. After the arrival of the Argonauts in Kolkhis, the goddess Hera conspires to have Medea fall in love with Jason to assist the hero in his quest for the Golden Fleece. To this end she petitions Aphrodite have her son Eros strike the princess with his darts.
This childish god has also played a key role in the lives of other gods. Apollo and Zephyrus both loved a young man named Hyakinthos. Hyakinthos was a strong, athletic youth who obviously drew the eyes of these both powerful gods. Zephyrus and Hyakinthos were lovers for a long time until Hyakinthos met Apollo. Hyakinthos started to see both of the gods without telling the other about one another until one day Zephyrus found Hyakinthos and Apollo together. The God of the West Wind was broken hearted and attempted to smite the Sun God, but this failed and he instead hit the youth Hyakinthos. Hyakinthos fell dead and Apollo attempted to avenge his lover. Zephyrus fled but he could not run forever. The god Eros appeared in front of his and offered him salvation if he would assist the love god in his work. The West Wind God agreed and fled with Eros.
Eros' name comes from the greek word for desire. Eros had many temples across Ancient Greece and the surrounding countries like Rome and Turkey. All of Eros' priests were male and, like his mother Aphrodite's priestesses, represented the god and sexual intercourse with them was considered just one of the methods of worship. He had six major cults in Greece; Attika, Megaris Korintha, Argolis, Lakedaimonia and Elis.
When Eros' mother Aphrodite became jealous of Psyche, a woman that was admired so much for her looks that Aphrodite's subjects forget to pray for her name. She ordered Eros to make Psyche fall in love with the vilest monster in the world, in order to reclaim her people. However, while Eros was making an attempt to shoot her, it is told that he either scratches himself with his arrow or he falls in love with Psyche, dazzled by her godlike beauty. Eros, unable to resist the charm of Psyche, reports back to her mother, telling her that he has failed the task. Aphrodite is angered by this news and she lays a curse of Psyche, wishing that she would never be able to find a suitable husband. This decision of his mother upsets Eros greatly, and he refuses to shoot any more arrows as long as the curse is on Psyche, causing the Temple of Aphrodite to fall. To prevent the Earth from dying and her name to be completely forgotten, Aphrodite finally accepts to release the curse and let her son marry Psyche. She is given immortality by Zeus, and is made the goddess of pleasure and soul.
After the arrival of the Argonauts in Kolkhis, the goddess Hera conspires to have Medea fall in love with Jason to assist the hero in his quest for the Golden Fleece. To this end she petitions Aphrodite have her son Eros strike the princess with his darts.
In Roman mythology Cupid is the god of erotic love and desire and his mother is Venus.